Vatican City – Smallest country in the world

By Narendra V

1656-1667, Vatican City, Rome, Italy --- Aerial view of St. Peter's Basilica and of St. Peter's Square in the Vatican. --- Image by © Alinari Archives/CORBIS

Vatican City is a walled city inside Rome, Italy which is smallest country in the world. It is smallest country by area as well as population. It has total area of 110 acres and a population of 842.

It is ruled by the Pope. It has come in to existence in 1929 when a treaty was signed between Holy See and Italy. Its military defense is provided by Italian Armed Forces. It is permanent observer member of United Nations. The head of state Pope is guarded by Swiss Guard, who are recruited from Switzerland.

The city doesn’t have its own airport, but it has a heliport. Total length of the city is 1km and width is 0.85 km. Main tourist attractions in the city are St. Peters Basilica, Sistine Chapel, Vatican Museums. The city uses Euro as its currency.

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